Native to the West Indies and Florida, Vanilla dilloniana bears some resemble to Vanilla barbellata except that its leaves are much smaller giving it a leafless appearance. The light green flowers are similar to those of Vanilla barbellata except that the petals and sepals are longer and the fluted lip is a deep reddish-purple without white margins and with a yellow crest. Vanilla orchids are epiphytic climbers that put out aerial roots to capture water and nutrients. Vanilla dilloniana prefers humidity, indirect sunlight, and temperatures over 50 degrees. They require a substrate with excellent drainage and constant moisture.