Mimosa tenuiflora, synonymous with Mimosa hostilis and known as jurema, is a perennial tree with thorny branches and reddish bark known to grow in a range from northeastern Brazil to southern Mexico. Its pinnate compound leaves are deciduous, dropping continuously to form a layer of mulch around the base of the plant. Similar to other species of the Fabaceae family, Mimosa tenuiflora has the ability to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere into nodules in the soil through its symbiotic relationship with soil microbes. The fragrant white flowers are reported to bloom between winter and late spring. Mimosa tenuiflora plants are drought resistant and enjoy full sun. Care should be taken to avoid freezing temperatures and over watering. Parts of the Mimosa tenuiflora plant are used traditionally, medicinally, and as a dye throughout its native range.